In fall 2018, the House of Commons Subcommittee on International Human Rights of the Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Development studied the human rights situation facing Uyghurs and other Turkic Muslims in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR) of China. Regrettably, members of the Subcommittee could not come to a consensus on the report and its recommendations.
In light of testimony heard from experts in the field and from those who chose to provide testimony at great risk to themselves, Conservative Party members propose the following recommendations with respect to the Government of Canada’s response to the human rights situation faced by Uyghurs and Turkic Muslims in China:
That the Government of Canada protect members of the Chinese diaspora in Canada by actively documenting, in conjunction with law enforcement, instances of intimidation and harassment perpetrated by agents of the government of China, and that this data is routinely referenced in conversations with Chinese authorities.
That, given risks faced by Uyghurs and Turkic Muslims in China to their human rights and freedom of movement, the Government of Canada should ensure that:
(i) Uyghur and Turkic Muslim asylum applications are expedited by the Immigration and Refugee Board;
(ii) Uyghur and Turkic Muslim refugee resettlement applications are expedited;
(iii) Suspend any and all efforts to deport Uyghurs and other Turkic Muslims to China – or other states in which they may face deportation to China – until reasonable evidence of respect for fundamental human rights upon their return is provided;
(iv) If it can be proven by a Uyghur or Turkic Muslim applicant that their ability to complete a/an [spousal sponsorship] application was prevented by discriminatory travel restrictions, that Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada waive its practice of deeming the application abandoned or expired.
That the Government of Canada, with all possible international partners, actively call for an immediate end to China’s program of “re-education;” the release of all individuals detained extrajudicially; an immediate end to mass surveillance measures in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region; and an immediate, countrywide end to China’s “Strike Hard Campaign Against Violent Terrorism.”
That the Government of Canada advocate for the United Nations’ and NGO requests to:
(i) Gain unrestricted access to the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region so that it may investigate violations of human rights against Uyghurs and Turkic Muslims;
(ii) Obtain documented evidence from the government of China on its detention practices.
Undertake efforts to determine whether Canadian technology is being used in China’s mass surveillance or security campaign in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region and, if such technology is identified, cease all support for such exports.
That the Government of Canada impose targeted economic sanctions (under the Justice for Victims of Corrupt Foreign Officials Act (Magnitsky Act)) on foreign individuals complicit in the supply of technology, or other means, used to persecute Uyghurs and Turkic Muslims in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region.
That the Government of Canada impose targeted economic sanctions, through the Justice for Victims of Corrupt Foreign Officials Act (Magnitsky Act), on Chinese authorities complicit in the mass surveillance, arbitrary detention, and systematic persecution of Uyghurs and Turkic Muslims in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, including Party Secretary Chen Quanguo.
These recommendations have been proposed by Conservative Party members of the Subcommittee on International Human Rights in response to the Subcommittee’s recent summary of testimony heard on the Human Rights Situation of Uyghurs and other Turkic Muslims in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of China. Click here to view the Subcommittee’s Summary of Testimony.